U3 Edexcel Geog 2008 (in 2017)


Make an Infographic

see the advanced information in a powerpoint (small document pdf to ppt online convertor)
Edexcel course materials


This description comes from the Specification spring 2017. Information can also be found in the Getting Started Guide and other course material.


The use and management of resources is a key issue for geography and today’s world. Consumption patterns highlight stark inequalities between regions, countries and groups of people. Many resources are finite, and rising consumption means that difficult decisions over the use of resources will have to be taken more frequently.The planet is ‘contested’ in a variety of ways, for example: countries and groups are demanding access to a diminishing resource base (for instance fossil fuels, freshwater supplies and timber) groups are conflicting over the use of resources and their protection – the conservation versus development debate there are questions of economic development and inequality – should wealth creation or wealth redistribution be the primary goal? there is debate over the management of resources – should the aim be to make current patterns of consumption more sustainable, or are more radical actions needed? the question of whether technological development is the solution to problems of resource depletion and environmental degradation, or is it part of the problem?

Topics tested in this unit, students should investigate the distribution of resources, and the physical factors that result in this distribution. They should also consider how humans utilise these resources, and the problems of providing resources to people as well as an awareness of the costs of doing so. Consideration should also be given to how a finite resource base should be managed.

Three types of resources are considered within three topic areas:

Topic 1: Energy Security

Topic 2: Water Conflicts

Topic 3: Biodiversity Under Threat.

The inequality in resource use is reflected in consumption patterns.

A large number of resources are used by a small number of large economies, whereas many countries could be said not to use their ‘fair share’. These issues are investigated through the study of:

Topic 4: Superpower Geographies

Topic 5: Bridging the Development Gap.

The role of technology in overcoming resource scarcity, income inequality and environmental management is considered by investigating:

Topic 6: The Technological Fix?

3.2 Assessment information

Time2 hour and 30 minute examination paper comprising of two sections and a resource booklet including synoptic resources.
Questions and marks
Candidates will be asked to select and answer two questions from five in Section A and all questions in Section B.
Section A will consist of a choice of two data stimulus essay questions from five each totaling 25 marks. The five questions will be based on five of the six topics for Unit 3.
Section B (Synoptic investigation) will focus on the sixth topic unexamined in Section A. This topic will change in each exam sitting and will be revealed through the pre-released advance information.
Section B will consist of one question in three parts. The total mark for the question will be 40. The question will make use of the pre-released synoptic materials reproduced in the examination resource booklet.
There are a total of 90 marks for the complete examination.

  • Check the Specification and particularly the scheme of work (for each module) for links
  • unit guides






zigzag geog 2008 pre released 2017



youtube links

Edexcel A Level Geography unit 3 bridging the development gap



A TES Resources shop by Marzan (Many thanks)



A Level Geography Central America

Panama,  Costa Rica and Nicaragua
Blog link with links attributed to the exam board recommendation


search Development Gap Terminology



Search Rostow’s
Check the slideshares